Ayala: ecco perché il “disegno intelligente” rifiuta l’evoluzionismo

Solo una segnalazione: la bella rivista dell’Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI Bulletin) pubblica un’intervista a Francisco Ayala, docente di biologia e filosofia all’Università di Irvine, in California, sul tema del creazionismo, in anni recenti reimpacchettato con il nome di “disegno intelligente”.

Da quando si trasferì negli Stati Uniti nel 1961, Ayala (che aveva studiato in Spagna in scuole cattoliche) studia da vicino il conflitto tra scienza e religione sul tema dell’evoluzionismo.

Ecco un passo dell’intervista di Harvey Leifert che mi sembra particolarmente significativo:

HHMI: WHY IS EVOLUTION SO CONTESTED IN THE UNITED STATES, AT LEAST IN CERTAIN AREAS?

FA: The United States was largely founded by people who were being persecuted for religious reasons. I think love for religion predisposes citizens in this country toward the perception of a conflict with science. On top of that, the idea is pervasive that science tends to be materialistic.

HHMI: MEANING?

FA: Materialism is a philosophical position, affirming that nothing exists beyond “matter,” that which we can experience with our senses. I would say that science is methodologically materialist: it can deal only with the world of matter. But it is not philosophically materialist; it does not imply that nothing can exist beyond what we experience with our senses, as religion requires. One can accept scientific principles and also hold religious beliefs.

But, many people are ignorant of science and just assume it is contrary to their religion. Of course, the proponents of intelligent design and creationism are also spreading a lot of propaganda. The only way to deal with the problem is education and specifically science education, which is unfortunately lacking, by and large, and not only in this country.

Il testo completo è disponibile online.

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